Unit 9

IB Topic 9--The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe 1924‑2000

This section deals with the consolidation of the Soviet state from 1924 and the methods applied to ensure its survival, growth and expansion inside and outside the borders of the Soviet Union. The rise and nature of the rule of Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev and the policies and practice of Sovietization (post‑1945) in Central and Eastern Europe are areas for examination. East–West relations post‑1945 in relation to Soviet aims and leadership should also be considered.

Stalin (1924-53): power struggle; collectivization and industrialization; Five Year Plans; constitution; cult of personality; purges; impact on society; foreign relations to 1941

The Great Patriotic War: breakdown of wartime alliance; Cold War; policies towards Germany: Berlin; Eastern European satellite states; Warsaw Pact

The following not covered in this class

Khrushchev (1955‑64): struggle for power after Stalin's death; destalinization; peaceful coexistence; domestic policies: economic and agricultural; foreign relations: Hungary, Berlin, Cuba, China

Brezhnev: domestic and foreign policies

• Case study of one Sovietized/satellite state: establishment of Soviet control; the nature of the single party state; domestic policies; opposition and dissent (suitable examples could be East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland but all relevant states are valid)

• Transformation of Soviet Union: political developments and change (1982‑< 2000)/p>