Topic 3: Origins and development of authoritarian and single-party states

The 20th century produced many authoritarian and single-party states. The origins, ideology, form of government, organization, nature and impact of these regimes should be studied.

Major themes

Origins and nature of authoritarian and single-party states
  • Conditions that produced authoritarian and single-party states
  • Emergence of leaders: aims, ideology, support
  • Totalitarianism: the aim and the extent to which it was achieved

Establishment of authoritarian and single party states

  • Methods: force, legal
  • Form of government, (left- and right-wing) ideology
  • Nature, extent and treatment of opposition
Domestic policies and impact
  • Structure and organization of government and administration
  • Political, economic, social and religious policies
  • Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda
  • Status of women, treatment of religious groups and minorities

Material for detailed study

  •  Africa: Kenya—Kenyatta; Tanzania—Nyerere
  • Americas: Argentina—Perón; Cuba—Castro
  • Asia and Oceania: China—Mao; Indonesia—Sukarno
  • Europe and the Middle East: Germany—Hitler; USSR—Stalin; Egypt—Nasser