IB Topic 5. Imperial Russia, revolutions, emergence of Soviet State 1853‑1924
This section deals with the decline of imperial power in Tsarist Russia and the emergence of the Soviet State. It requires examination and consideration of the social, economic and political factors that inaugurated and accelerated the process of decline. Attempts at domestic reform and the extent to which these hastened or hindered decline should be studied, together with the impact of war and foreign entanglements.
- Alexander II (1855‑81): Emancipation of Serfs, military, legal (Constitution), educational, local government reforms (Zemstvos); later reaction
- • Policies of Alexander III (1881‑94) and Nicholas II (1895‑1917): backwardness and attempts at modernization; nature of tsardom; growth of opposition movements
- Significance of the Russo-Japanese War; 1905 Revolution (Bloody Sunday); Stolypin (Russian Land Reform, Russian Industrialization) and the Duma; the impact of the First World War (1914‑18) on Russia
- 1917 Revolutions: February Revolution/March Revolution; Provisional Government and Dual Power (Soviets); October/November Bolshevik Revolution; Lenin and Trotsky
- Lenin's Russia (1917‑24): Consolidation of the new Soviet State; Civil War; War Communism; NEP; terror and coercion; foreign relations
Russia Readings for Quizzes
These readings are a compilation of notes I made as well as small articles written by students. As such, it will have a disjointed nature as you read it. However, the information is quite good.
- Russia First Reading--
- Russia Second Reading--
- Russia Third Reading--
- Test is Thursday, Oct 27. The test will be on above readings, as well as readings listed below:
Reading 1 (Book notes NOT required but still recommended)
702-712 (Skim, no book notes)