Quiz—Italy 1919-1939


1. Which of the following is NOT true of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919?

            a) It was held in order to define peace terms with Germany

            b) All countries were invited to attend

            c) The payment for reparations and fines was issued to Germany alone

            d) The “Big Four” were at the center of the conference

2. Which of the following is the correct order of events that occurred?

            a) General Strike, Grand Council of Fascism, Battle of Wheat, March on Rome

            b) Battle of Wheat, Grand Council of Fascism, General Strike, March on Rome

            c) March on Rome, Grand Council of Fascism, Battle of Wheat, General Strike

            d) General Strike, March on Rome, Grand Council of Fascism, Battle of Wheat

3. Which of the following occurred because of Giacomo Matteotti’s murder?

            a) Corfu Incident

            b) Aventine Secession

            c) Walwal Incident

            d) March on Rome

4. Which event included the killing of Enrico Tellini and his assistants?

            a) Corfu Incident

            b) Aventine Secession

            c) Walwal Incident

            d) March on Rome

5. By 1935, how much had wheat imports been cut by?

            a) 75%

            b) 98%

            c) 15%

            d) 50%

6. What year did Benito Mussolini rise to power?

            a) 1919

            b) 1922                       

            c) 1925

            d) 1930

7. The Lateran Treaty was created to do what?

            a) Delineate the relationship between Italy and the Catholic Church

            b) Withhold an alliance between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany

            c) Allow Mussolini to have an excuse for being on the side of the citizens

            d) Enable a good terms agreement between Italy and the Catholic Church

8. How many Fascists did the coalition government contain when Mussolini came to power?

            a) 3

            b) 12

            c) 25

            d) 35




9. What idea did Mussolini use to play to the emotions of the Italians?

            a) The idea of Totalitarianism

            b) The idea of Secret Police

            c) The idea of Unification

            d) The idea of Rebellion

10. Which of the following lead to the General Strike of 1920?

            a) Elections of 1919, in which the Socialists won majority

            b) Abolition of Universal Suffrage

            c) Establishment of the Squadristi

            d) Establishment of the Grand Council of Fascism

11. When did Mussolini obtain all legislative powers?

            a) 1919

            b) 1929

            c) 1939

            d) 1932

12. Why did Mussolini wish to capture some of Austria’s land during World War I?

            a) To show his loyalty to France and Britain

            b) He believed the land was rightfully Italy’s

            c) To push his Fascist agenda

            d) To aid in the March on Rome

            e) To create a buffer between Italy and other countries


13. Why did Victor Emmanuel III appoint Mussolini as Prime Minister?

            a) Mussolini’s “blackshirts” could easily overpower the Italian troops

            b) Many Italian troops were unwilling to fight against fascism

            c) Emmanuel wanted to create a balance of power among different political           parties to avoid revolt

            d) He believed it would boost his public appeal

            e) None of the above


14. Pareto could be described as a(n)...?

            a) economist and philosopher

            b) philosopher and mathematician

            c) economist and playwrite

            d) author and teacher

            e) preacher and philosopher


15. How were members of the Grand Council of Fascism elected?

            a) By the parliament elections

            b) By the blackshirts

            c) By Mussolini

            d) Through bloodlines

            e) By consensus of a majority of the current Fascist Council members




16. Which accurately describes the March on Rome?

            a) Mussolini and the National Fascist Party marched to Rome, and King Victor      Emmanuel III gave the kingdom to Mussolini when he arrived

            b) Communists and Socialists declared an ill-prepared general strike, of which        was stopped easily by fascists and government troops

            c) Civilians outraged by abolition of universal suffrage marched on Rome to take   back their kingdom from Mussolini

            d) A parade held in Mussolini’s honor was marched all the way to Rome


17. Which accurately describes the Law of Association of 1926?

            a) It ruled that any association with the Germans was illegal

            b) It outlawed any political opposition to Mussolini

            c) It established a secret police force to arrest political opponents

            d) A and C

            e) B and C

18. What was the purpose of the Labor Charter of 1927?

            a) To create a confederation of employees and employers

            b) To restrict the powers of the employers

            c) To give employees a set amount of required work

            d) To restrict labor for those under the age of 13 and above the age of 65

19. What year was the Lateran Treaty signed?

            a) 1924

            b) 1925

            c) 1926

            d) 1929


20. What were the problems between the popes and the Catholic Church called?

            a) The Italian Decision

            b) The Roman Question         

            c) The Westward Conquest

            d) The Lateran Issue