11.6 Students analyze the different explanations for the Great Depression
and how the New Deal fundamentally changed the role of the federal government.
- Describe the monetary issues
of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that gave rise to the
establishment of the Federal Reserve and the weaknesses in key sectors of
the economy in the late 1920s.
- Understand the explanations of
the principal causes of the Great Depression and the steps taken by the
Federal Reserve, Congress, and Presidents Herbert Hoover and Franklin Delano
Roosevelt to combat the economic crisis.
- Discuss the human toll of the
Depression, natural disasters, and unwise agricultural practices and their
effects on the depopulation of rural regions and on political movements of
the left and right, with particular attention to the Dust Bowl refugees and
their social and economic impacts in California.
- Analyze the effects of and the
controversies arising from New Deal economic policies and the expanded role
of the federal government in society and the economy since the 1930s (e.g.,
Works Progress Administration, Social Security, National Labor Relations
Board, farm programs, regional development policies, and energy development
projects such as the Tennessee Valley Authority, California Central Valley
Project, and Bonneville Dam).
- Trace the advances and retreats of organized labor,
from the creation of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of
Industrial Organizations to current issues of a postindustrial, multinational
economy, including the United Farm Workers in California.